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Policy directions for new energy vehicles and energy-saving vehicles in China

  • Categories:Industry news
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  • Time of issue:2013-11-06 15:34
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(Summary description)ur country still adheres to the dual strategy of energy-saving and new energy vehicles. On the one hand, it optimizes the existing vehicle energy power system and develops energy-saving vehicles

Policy directions for new energy vehicles and energy-saving vehicles in China

(Summary description)ur country still adheres to the dual strategy of energy-saving and new energy vehicles. On the one hand, it optimizes the existing vehicle energy power system and develops energy-saving vehicles

  • Categories:Industry news
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2013-11-06 15:34
  • Views:
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First of all, China's development of energy-saving and new energy vehicles is more urgent than any other country in the world. The main reason is that the highest car output has been achieved now. I personally think that it will remain high for a long time. With the increase of speed, by 2020, I personally estimate that the amount of possession will be about 2.5 times that of the present. In the future, this high level may be maintained, and the energy pressure brought about by it is enormous. In particular, the pressure on oil is huge. We have reached 58% of import dependence last year and may break through 60% this year. On the contrary, the import dependence of the United States has declined in recent years, and it has fallen below 40% last year. This is very amazing. For China, the possibility of developing new energy vehicles is personally considered to be the most important to alleviate the pressure of oil supply. Of course, environmental pollution problems, including smog, are also important reasons, but I think the first priority is the pressure of energy.

On the other hand, similarly and in connection with this, the average fuel consumption of passenger cars in our country by 2020 will be controlled at around 5L/100km, which is basically in line with international standards. Traditional internal combustion engine technology must achieve such a target. The cost is very high or even not feasible, so the new energy vehicle should be said to be an important route and channel that has to go, so I think from the background point of view, I personally think that the first is due to the pressure of energy, I have to do it. Second, due to regulatory constraints, it has to be done.

Development status of energy saving and new energy vehicles in China

Before and after the year 2000, the state paid great attention to energy-saving and new-energy vehicles. There were several big time nodes. One was that since 2001, the country focused on the science and technology 863 program to support the research and development and technological innovation of energy-saving and new-energy vehicles. So far, the three consecutive five-year plans have continued to support, and the total investment in the 863 program has exceeded 4 billion. This is a relatively concentrated and relatively strong industrial product category. Of course, the gap with foreign countries. It is still very big, but it is a relatively strong investment in science and technology for China.

The second big time node is the pilot demonstration of energy conservation and new energy vehicles organized by the four ministries and commissions, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Finance, starting in 2009 and 2010, and has introduced a series of measures and policies. During this period, I believe that there is another impact on the development of energy-saving and new-energy vehicles. In 2009, the "Automotive Industry Adjustment and Revitalization Plan", the main focus of this support is energy-saving and new energy vehicle-related technologies and Industrialization project.

After that, I think that a big landmark event is the “Energy Conservation and New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2010-2020)” issued in 2012. This should be said to summarize some of the developments of China's energy conservation and new energy vehicles in the past decade. To make top-level design and strategic planning for the development of China's energy-saving and new-energy vehicles in the next decade, including specific key tasks, which are important programmatic documents that may affect the development of China's energy-saving and new energy vehicles in the next decade. After the introduction of this document, from the end of last year to the beginning of this year, two actions that I think are more influential have been launched. One is the innovative project carried out by four ministries and commissions in the fourth quarter of last year, which is equivalent to supporting about 4 billion yuan at a time. The second is the promotion and application of a new round of new energy vehicles or the demonstration and promotion application. I think the approximate timeline is such a major Policy guidance and guide the development of China's energy-saving and new energy automobile industry.

To sum up, the policy is mainly supported in the R&D and innovation sectors. The second is to support the demonstration and promotion applications. I would like to briefly introduce the progress in these two aspects. First, from the perspective of R&D and innovation, the Ministry of Science and Technology has established three vertical and three horizontals in 2011. It is the three verticals of hybrid, pure electric and fuel cells, as well as the research and development layout of power battery, drive motor and electronic control. For more than a decade, technology innovation activities have been carried out in accordance with such research and development layouts. It should be said that significant progress has also been made.

I think everyone may be familiar with the results. I just said that there is still a certain gap with the international advanced level. This is mainly because our technical and industrial foundations are still relatively weak, and the overall investment is still relatively small, including our basic theory. There are still gaps in the international advanced level of materials, key components, systems, complete vehicles and even equipment and processes. Therefore, a comprehensive technological breakthrough is still a key task for China's energy-saving and new energy vehicles to develop for a long time in the future. I personally think so.

Separately speaking, for example, hybrid power, the hybrid technology of commercial vehicles, especially the hybrid technology of urban public transport, is relatively mature. The next step may be applied nationwide, but the hybrid technology of passenger cars is far from the international one. This may be a very important aspect of restricting the competitiveness of China's own branded passenger car market in the future.

From the perspective of pure electric vehicles, we can basically understand the related technologies of system matching, integrated design and vehicle control. There are also certain batches and varieties of products put into demonstration operation, but the overall performance, from the overall vehicle and internationally Or the gap is obvious, including reliability, including some of the performance of driving, including some accessories and accessories, we still have obvious gaps.

Fuel cell vehicles are similar. I personally think that the gap between the fuel cell and fuel cell technology in our country is now further widening, except for the performance of products. For example, the life span of our batteries is significantly different from the international market. Second, our related materials technology is also dependent on foreign countries. Another performance is that the degree of participation of our vehicle companies in fuel cell and fuel cell vehicle development is far from enough compared with international companies. It should be said that only SAIC Group has deeper involvement in China. Development of fuel cells and complete vehicles.

From the key components, power batteries, we now use nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries for hybrid power, and nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries for pure electricity and plug-in, all of which should be said to do a lot of work, including technology development and Industrialization preparation, but the overall level, including the life gap, is still quite obvious. In addition, we are in the fuel-type power battery. At present, I have a relatively large problem. I personally think that the variety is relatively simple, the technical system is relatively simple, and of course, it is recently made on new materials. The work is also more, but the start is relatively late.

Most of our current lithium-ion power batteries have energy densities between 110 and 120, which is still relatively good at the international level, as far as monomers are concerned. Our life expectancy is more than 50% concentrated in 2000 to 2500 times, which should be considered relatively good, but this is a single. After the reorganization, the gap is more obvious.

From the industrial distribution of domestic power batteries, it still reflects the characteristics of comparative agglomeration, mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Of course, there are some other emerging batteries including Henan, Shandong and Fujian. The factory was launched after a relatively competitive battery factory.

From the perspective of the motor, it may be slightly better than the battery. The main technical level is not much different from the international one, but the main difference is reliability. Of course, there is a certain gap in the density of functions. The front is about research and development.

Then talk about the ten cities and ten vehicles. The first phase ends at the end of last year. The main content is to promote hybrid and purely electric vehicles in the public service areas of 25 demonstration cities. Six of them are selling private electric vehicles for private subsidies. Cars, including plug-in and pure electric, are private, one is a narrower product range, and the second is limited to six cities. In terms of the number of promotion, the total is about 27,000, but the main one is the hybrid vehicle used in the hybrid bus field. However, there is a tendency that the proportion of pure electric drive will gradually increase from the second half of last year. Intensified, the proportion of passenger cars is gradually increasing, which is in line with the technical preparation and product preparation of the industry.

At the same time of demonstration, some new business models have been explored and demonstrated. This is mainly in several cities in Hefei, Shenzhen and Hangzhou. In the public transportation field, there are financial institutions and intermediate operators involved in the entire operation and business process. To share the cost of a battery, it should be said that the effect is still relatively good. In Hangzhou, it is mainly for private, that is, rental, battery rental and vehicle rental demonstration. In some cities, infrastructure should be said to be loaded, and some are moderately advanced. Infrastructures such as Shenzhen and Hefei are basically synchronized or even moderately advanced, but infrastructure in most cities is now a relatively large constraint.

Prospects for energy saving and new energy vehicles in China

Our country still adheres to the dual strategy of energy-saving and new energy vehicles. On the one hand, it optimizes the existing vehicle energy power system and develops energy-saving vehicles. On the other hand, the development of a new generation of new energy power system vehicles is new energy, or The dual strategy promotes sustainable development. It should be said that the planning of energy-saving and new energy vehicles is also arranged in accordance with such ideas. The overall goal is to achieve the goal of energy conservation and the overall technical level of new energy vehicles in line with international standards, including some indicators of key components and fuel economy indicators of traditional vehicles.

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